This report was written as a support for the national training cycle 2015-16 at the IHEST and aims to give the reader an overview on China’s urbanization process and the urban policies that underlie this process. The report has been divided into two parts.
Part I gives an overview on China’s recent urbanization ; it then looks at the situation of migrants, China’s de facto second-class citizens. The third chapter focuses on the collaterals of China’s urbanization : pollution, increased water shortage and the lack in affordable housing.
Part II focuses on the urban policies underlying urbanization. It first discusses China’s numerous concepts for sustainable urban development. It then looks at urban mobility and various policies introduced to ease China’s traffic problems. The third chapter discusses some of the measures taken to reduce urban pollution. The last chapter focuses on the involvement – or the lack of it- of China’s citizens in sustainable development issues.
The report contains a detailed bibliography for the reader wishing to do further reading on a particular aspect.